I heavily advice you to master this first.
For a start I want you to know that this is something that won’t and can’t be covered in one post. But we can make a significant step by learning this:
hard consonants: after H CH K R D T N needs to be y
soft consonants: after Ž Š Č Č C J Ď Ť Ň needs to be i
The only thing you can do now is to memorize it. Foreign words like risk, bicykl, rizoto or tip have their i/ys the way you know them.
That was kind of easy right? Well…there is one problem.
Take the word nic. Why there isn’t “nyc” when we have N in hard consonants?
Because it’s actually pronounced as “ňic”. There is a rule that says you never ever can write something like this: ňic, zňičit, ďivný, ťicho
So every time you see in a text seemly incorrect use of hard consonants D, T and N, it’s actually supposed to be read as soft consonants. Examples: divočina (wildreness), tatínek (daddy), nic (nothing) are actually pronounced as ďivočina, taťínek, ňic.
Conclusion: when Ď, Ť or Ň is followed by i then we DO NOT write the wedge (háček = ˇ)
Generally we know the whole business with i/y doesn’t logically make sense. But if you don’t want your writing to give an impression of first grader, those are essential.
We also have ambiguous consonants: after B F L M P S V Z everything can happen so we’ll leave them for another time.
Take this exercise as something to get acquainted with hard/soft consonants and to expand your vocabulary because you probably won’t understand all the words you’ll be given to complete. That’s quite all right, you’ll have to do a single exercise a few times before you get it right. How to navigate there: Choose Měkké a tvrdé souhlásky (Hrad or soft consonants) or later Psaní i-í, y-ý po d, t, n (Use of i-í, y-ý after d, t, n)
správná odpověď = right answer
chybná odpověď = wrong anser
___ je měkká/tvrdá souhláska = ___ is hard/soft consonant
Procvičit! = Practise now!
Lovely Behind the Scenes Production Stills from Sherlock Season One - Found on the Australian Sherlock website (x)
All at 1024x768 - click on the pictures for the decent size.
And a bonus pic of Martin Freeman, taken by Steve Lawes, which I realised must have been taken on the same shoot as the top two images.
Svetlana Zakharova. Queen of the Dryads, Don Quixote. Bolshoi Ballet.
In Scene 2 Don Quixote is surrounded by beautiful Dryads and Cupid and the Queen of the Dryads presents him to Kitri, who has assumed the form of his beloved Dulcinea. Don Quixote swears eternal love and faithfulness to her.